Programme Card Wordings



Welcome to ABC (Bride Name ) and XYZ (Groom Name) wedding ceremony. The Hindu marriage ceremony is over 5,000 years old. The ceremony is performed in the presence of a sacred fire and an assembly of family and friends. Each act of the ceremony has a symbolic and spiritual meaning. Our ceremony will be performed in English and Sanskrit, the ancient, sacred language of India.

The priest chants Sanskrit mantras (hymns) from the Vedas (the Hindu Scriptures).

The Ceremony will be performed in the following sequence :

Baraat (Swagat)
The Arrival of the Groom XYZ arrives at the hall accompanied by his family and friends who are singing and dancing in celebration of his wedding.

Var Puja & Milni
Bride mom welcomes Groom with an auspicious red turmeric mark on the forehead called 'Tilak' and receives Groom with a welcoming ritual, Aarti. Groom then steps forward onto an earthen pot crushing it into many pieces. This demonstrates that Groom has the power to overcome all obstacles the couple may face in their married life. Groom is then escorted to the Mandap by Bride's Family.

Jutta Churai
Taking of the shoes The priest requests that Groom remove his shoes. Bride's family tries to steal Groom's shoes while Groom's family tries to guard his shoes. At the end of the day, if the bride's family is successful in stealing the shoes, Groom must offer his new family money or gifts to retrieve his shoes.

Kanya Agamana and Manglaashtaka
Arrival of Bride and request for blessings Bride is escorted to the mandap by her maternal uncles. The priest recites eight sacred vedic hymns (Manglaashtaka) to bestow upon the couple and to announce the arrival to Bride. The cloth is removed and the couple exchange flower garland to signify their acceptance of each other in marriage.

Kanya Daan & Hasta Melap
Giving of the Bride & Joining of the Hands Bride's father gives his daughter to Groom in marriage witnessed by the fire God. The Kanya Daan (Giving of the Bride) is the highest form of gift that parents can offer.
The ends of Bride and Groom's garments are tied together with betelnuts, copper coins and rice symbolizing the unity and eternal bond of marriage. The priest then kindles the fire, and the couple makes nine offerings to the fire to ask for the removal of darkness and ignorance.

Mangal Fera
Circling the Holy Fire Bride and Groom then circle the fire four times. The four rounds represent the four purposes of life: Dharma (spiritual way of living), Artha (prosperity), Karma (energy & passion) and Moksha (salvation). The bride, representing spiritual energy, completes the first three rounds. The groom completes the last round signifying balance and completeness. Bride's brother witnesses the rounds and places rice grains in her hands to signify that they will provide support and protection for their sister. At the end of the fourth round, there is a rush by the bride and groom to get to their seat. It is said that whomever sits down first rules the house !



The marriage ceremony of
abc  and  xyz
Date __, ____
The Sikh ceremony begins as the bride, the groom, relatives, and friends bow before the Guru Granth and congregate in His midst.

Ardas (Prayer) and  Wedding Sermon

The couple and their parents stand up and an Ardas is offered seeking God’s blessings. The Granthi, the person in charge of the ceremony, addresses the couple and explains the duties of their new life. The groom is to vow fidelity to the wife, while the bride is to vow fidelity to her husband. The husband protects the life and honor of his wife, and in turn she remains content with the lot of her husband. The Guru is an eternal witness to their vows. The couple signifies their consent by bowing before the Guru Granth. 

Lavan (Wedding Hymns)

The groom’s scarf is placed in the hands of the bride. The Granthi then reads the lavan—four nuptial stanzas accompanied by musical instruments. At the end of reading each lavan, the groom followed by the bride walks around the Guru Granth in a clockwise direction while ragis (singers) sing the hymn. The four nuptial stanzas explain in detail the development stages of love between husband and wife and an individual and God.

In the first stage, the Guru urges the couple to perform duties to the family and the community and to practice Simran (meditating upon God’s name). Simran washes away past sins and brings stability to mind. In the second stage, egotism and all fears vanish and one can recognize God’s presence in everyone and everything.

In the third stage, one begins to feel Bairaag, an intense longing for a complete union with the Beloved. The final stage is Harmony, reached by one whose mind, through Simran, has gained stability and for whom remembrance of the Lord has become the sweetest of all pleasures. The stage of Harmony is of complete oneness. The bride and the groom feel and think alike and both completely identify with each other; they become one soul in two bodies.

During the fourth round, the couple is showered with rose petals by the entire congregation as a sign of rejoicing. Following the abc, the xyz Sahib (concluding hymns of the Sikh ceremony) is read and Ardas is offered again, with the entire congregation standing up this time.

Finally, Hukam (the divine command) is received from the Guru Granth by opening it at random, and karahprashad (the sweet sacrament) is served to the entire congregation. The bride and the groom are now husband and wife.